The harvest season for broccoli is also dependent on the variety you choose. How to Harvest broccoli to get more from your plants Hi Folks. When to remove brocolli plants. Make sure the florets are small and green and haven’t started flowering yet, and that the central head is about 4-6 inches in diameter. Try to avoid sawing at the stem as this may cause unnecessary damage to the plant and ruin your chances for side harvesting later. Space broccoli seedlings 18 to 24 inches apart. Harvest the head of broccoli from the plant. How to Harvest Broccoli Heads. It is highly nutritious and packed with antioxidants, as well as iron, calcium, potassium, and vitamins C, K, and A. Broccoli heads are clusters of flowers. Don’t be disappointed if your broccoli heads are smaller than what you see in the supermarket as those are grown in highly controlled environments. This cole crop is rich in vitamins and minerals, and is a good source of Vitamin A, potassium, folic acid, iron, and fiber. Mark your calendar. It isn’t just the broccoli heads that make for good eating, broccoli leaves can also be used in salads or as wraps. How to harvest. Harvest broccoli right away if it starts to flower or turn yellow. ; Cut heads from the plant, taking at least 6 inches of stem. Use the same technique to harvest these: touch and sight. Cut the large central head when the buds are well formed, but before the flowers start to open. If you see even a hint of yellow, the florets are starting to bloom or bolt. Broccoli is worth growing for its nutritional content alone. If you grow broccoli in a backyard garden and are able to keep it growing well throughout the summer, maybe now you are seeing broccoli … Growing and harvesting broccoli is one of the more rewarding moments in the vegetable garden. The upper leaves of broccoli are also tender and delicious, softer and sweeter than kale, if you cut the midribs out. Broccoli heads are clusters of flowers. or more below the head, then remove the head off with a swift cut. The head should be firm, sturdy, and must have grown at least 4-8 inches wide. Feel the seed pods for dryness when they start to turn more of a golden brown color. There are 11 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Once it is harvested the side shoots will start to grow. Next, clip the side shoots. If you were able to baby your broccoli through the hot weather and kept it from bolting, you are now looking at several well formed heads of broccoli. It is part of the cole crop family (Brassica oleracea), which also includes cabbage, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower and collard greens. Harvest Tips. You may be asking yourself when to pick broccoli and what are the signs that broccoli is ready to harvest? Small side shoots like miniature heads of broccoli will sprout from the leaf junctions, and can be harvested in about 2 weeks. When the florets on the outside edge of the head get to be the size of the head of a match, then you can start harvesting broccoli from that plant. Use the same technique to harvest these: touch and sight. ; When to plant: In colder climates, you’ll get a head start by starting seeds indoors 6 to 7 weeks before your last frost date.In about 4 to 5 weeks, the broccoli plants should … Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Harvest the smaller, younger leaves of the broccoli plant to mix with other leafy greens in a raw salad, as the smaller leaves are the most tender and have a milder flavor than the larger, more mature leaves of the plant. Don’t worry if the head isn’t as tightly packed as store-bought broccoli. Broccoli is a cool-season crop that does best when you plant it in the spring or fall. It is best to harvest broccoli in the morning before the ground and broccoli plants heat up. Broccoli, like its fellow cole crops of the Brassica oleracea family, cauliflower, kohlrabi, kale, and Brussels sprouts, is known for its nutrition-packed florets and sweet stems. From the head, you can harvest the little florets that you often find frozen or steamed at your local grocery store. This is the best window to harvest broccoli, after flowers are open taste begins to decline. If harvesting broccoli plants in midsummer is desired, it’s best to start broccoli indoors 6 to 8 weeks before the … Harvest the broccoli when the diameter of the main head has stopped growing and looks tightly clustered with tiny buds. After you have harvested the main head, you can continue to harvest the side shoots from the broccoli. It is important that you have the appropriate knowledge and tools so you'll be prepared to pick your broccoli as soon as it's ready! Basically, you’ll be able to harvest broccoli over the course of about 3 months. Most verities of broccoli have side offshoots and further keep growing broccoli even after you harvest … How to harvest broccoli when it is ready. Soil: Broccoli prefers a neutral soil pH, right around 7.0.A rich soil, with lots of organic matter, will keep it growing strong throughout the season. When you have grown broccoli from the seeds then they will be ready to harvest in 100-150 days. Field-packed broccoli should be brought to the cooling facility promptly. The key to harvesting your crop is knowing the right time to pick the heads. When to Harvest Broccoli. When harvested in cooler temperatures, broccoli tends to have a better taste . Broccoli plants don’t suddenly turn a unique color or pop up a sign that says “we’re ready.”Deciding that it’s time to harvest is a bit tricky, but there are a few signs to watch that let you know your broccoli is ready to harvest. Broccoli is somewhat of a factory plant like kale and collards, which keep … wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. If your plant is flowering, you can still harvest it as the flowers are edible, and can be used in a variety of soup, salad or stir-fry recipes. Try to make the cut in one motion to avoid tearing the stalk. How to harvest broccoli. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! The word broccoli means “the flowering crest of a cabbage” and resembles cauliflower, a different group of the same plant species. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Watch for flower buds. Discover these tips for how and when to harvest broccoli… The head that forms will be compact and tight on the broccoli. Harvest the central head on the plant when it’s fully developed, but before the individual flower buds open, displaying small yellow flowers. To harvest the broccoli… Feel for firmness, and harvest before the buds loosen. Harvest broccoli when the buds are still tightly closed, and the broccoli head measures about 6 to 12 inches across, notes Utah State University Extension. When your broccoli head is ready to harvest, use a sharp knife and cut the head of the broccoli off the plant. Watch the growth of the broccoli carefully and harvest them when they reach 4 to 8 inches (10 to 20 cm) wide. Eat your broccoli: These are some of the recipes we enjoy with our home grown broccoli harvests. In general, expect to harvest broccoli about 55 to 60 days after planting. Broccoli is a slow-growing plant, so it needs plenty of nutrients to grow over a 90-110 day period. When to harvest broccoli. Most people are interested in the florets. How to Harvest Broccoli. Start with the main stalk – this is the one that is ready first. If it starts turning yellow, then harvest it immediately, as it is the sign of bolting. Generally 2-3 times, depending on how big you allow the florets to grow each time. Harvest broccoli when the heads are green and firm and before the florets have begun to open. It requires only a sharp knife or a sharp pair of snips to turn your plants into a meal. Look for closed flower heads; yellow flowers mean the quality clock is already counting down, so harvest immediately. Clip these in the same way you harvest the main head, ensuring you cut the stalks at an angle and leave a couple of inches of stalk at the bottom. Harvest your broccoli immediately if there are any signs of flowers or yellowing. When to Harvest Broccoli. Color – When looking for signs of when to pick broccoli, pay close attention to the color of the florets. Leave the rest of the broccoli growing … Out of 5 plants, one died quickly and 4 have done well. Size is an indicator, but be sure to look at the other signs as well. If you leave the plant in new, smaller heads will appear in a few weeks below the first one and continue to sprout for the rest of the season. I usually harvest in the morning when the buds are still tight and lush. Harvesting Broccoli. The ideal time to harvest broccoli is when the head is fully mature but the flowers on the plant have not yet opened. How many times can you harvest broccoli? The main concern would be having growing channels large enough for broccoli roots and supporting the system–the growing channels–because broccoli plants, like cabbage, can get … Depending on the type of broccoli and weather, the florets typically reach harvest … Just don't expect to harvest a good crop during hot weather. Make sure to harvest 6 to 8 inches below the head and take stem with it. It is a fast-growing and easy-to-grow crop, producing bluish-green heads that are harvested in the summer or autumn, depending on the time it is sown. Harvest your eating broccoli as normal, but leave seed broccoli alone to turn yellow. If planting sprouting broccoli from seeds indoors, plant about 1 cm deep and roughly 10 cm apart, allowing a few seeds for each hole.You’ll probably need to carefully thin out your broccoli at about 10 days and they’ll be ready to plant out at about 4-6 weeks or when the plants are approximately 12cm … Tip: Harvest when the head is still tight and … Harvest the main broccoli head when it stops growing. Harvest the broccoli immediately if this happens. Place them in well-drained soil that receives at least eight hours of sun per day. The size of mature heads depends on the variety and varies between 4 inches (10.2 cm) and 8 inches (20.3 cm) in diameter. By looking at the size of the florets, you can tell when these side shoots are ready for harvest. Broccoli grown from transplants will end up harvesting in 55 to 80 days. In warmer climates, you have more freedom and can harvest into autumn. If you lightly squeeze the head, it should feel tight as there should be very little space between the florets. But if you want to try harvesting them in somewhat warmer weather, select a variety that can tolerate that. Let the seed pods dry on the plant outside. Knowing the right time to harvest broccoli is important. 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They do not freeze well so just be sure to harvest when you want to eat them. These will grow like tiny heads to the side of where the main head was. Sprouting broccoli has a different growth habit than its cousin. When your broccoli is ready to harvest, use a knife or pruners to cut off the main stalk. Growing sprouting broccoli. Avoid using any dull cutting tool as this can damage the heads. Broccoli is a moderately heavy feeder, so work in 2 to 4 inches of rich compost or a thin layer of well-aged manure before planting. Broccoli grown in the fall is often larger than broccoli grown in the spring, especially if it is a particularly hot spring. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. They’ll be ready for a … Consult your seed packet instructions for an estimate of how long it will take to mature and the predicted size of your broccoli head. The color should be deep green. They should be a deep green. A sharp knife is a decent tool to use when harvesting your broccoli … In case of broccoli grown from transplants, it will be ready in 55-80 days for harvest. If you do opt to harvest broccoli in flower, consider cooking it like you might flowering kale or mustard greens because it will be stronger than younger broccoli would be. Has a Head – The first sign as to when to harvest broccoli is the most obvious; you have to have the initial head. This article has been viewed 11,573 times. They grow in segments that look like tiny trees. wide when it is time to harvest broccoli, but don’t go on size alone. When To Harvest Broccoli – Planting broccoli is an interesting thing for garden lovers. Broccoli grows relatively slowly in the cooler months and is usually ready for harvest in 16 – 20 weeks. Broccoli planting and harvesting is sometimes a bit tricky, but there are a few signs you can look for that will tell you if your broccoli is ready to be harvested. Harvest side shoots when they reach their ideal color … Harvesting broccoli is best done in the cool morning hours when temperatures are lower for high-quality heads. Eat your broccoli: These are some of the recipes we enjoy with our home grown broccoli harvests. Don’t allow it to go to flower. When to Harvest Broccoli. The key to harvesting your crop is knowing the right time to pick the heads. The central head should be cut 5-6 inches from the stem. ; If you do see yellow petals, harvest immediately, as the quality will decrease rapidly. Head Size – The broccoli head typically will get to be 4 to 7 inches (10 to 18 cm.) Harvest the central head of the broccoli once it is a decent size. or more below the head, then remove the head off with a … You’ll find smaller florets sprouting throughout the plant. To harvest broccoli, use a sharp knife to cut the head off at an angle, above a whirl of leaves. Broccoli is rich in dietary fiber, Vitamin C and Vitamin K, and has also been shown to have anti-inflammatory benefits. To learn how to store your harvested broccoli, read on! Harvest broccoli when the heads are still tight, once they start spreading they lose flavour. Broccoli. Harvesting Your Broccoli. Time broccoli planting so harvest happens in a cool time of the year. Side shoots. Here’s how you harvest broccoli: Look at the Head. Broccoli is a cool-season crop that can take a bit of practice to grow successfully but is well worth it when you do. 60-80 days from plants. Planting Broccoli. Fertilise regularly after the main head has been harvested to encourage new growth. More on growing broccoli. You'll know broccoli heads are ready when they're deep green with small, tightly packed buds. Cut the broccoli head stem 5 inches (12.5 cm.) Usually broccoli heads will be around 10cm to 15cm but that can also depend on the variety. The head should be firm and tight. When your broccoli head is ready to harvest, use a sharp knife and cut the head of the broccoli off the plant. Broccoli grown from seed can take 100 to 150 days to harvest. Harvesting it is easy, but if you haven’t done it before then you may not know when or how. When to Harvest Broccoli. Broccoli rabe harvest occurs when plants are 1 to 2 feet tall, and flower buds have just begun to appear. It would be helpful to mark this time in your calendar so you can prepare for your harvest in the days leading up to it. Don’t allow it to go to flower. Broccoli is a cool-season crop that bolts in hot, dry weather. 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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. The perfect time to harvest is right before the broccoli flowers. A 4- to 7-inch tight head with large, dense flower buds is the desired size for harvesting broccoli heads. Once it starts flowering the taste will deteriorate very fast. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. The edible part of a broccoli plant is the head and the best time to harvest heads is before they start to flower. Harvesting broccoli is simple. Broccoli is a hardy, cool-season vegetables bringing colorful green nutrients to the table. Harvest when the heads look ready to eat. Keep a keen eye on plants, however, as they bolt extremely quick. Let’s say you have carefully monitored your plants through the season, watching for pests and disease, weeding, and taking measures to … When to Plant. Last Updated: July 28, 2020 Broccoli varieties which form dense heads are ready for harvest when the head is full, firm, and dark green but before the head starts to flower, split, or turn yellow. If you live in a colder climate, plant your broccoli in the spring so you can pick in the early to late summertime. Side shoots. Broccoli also strongly prefers cool growing conditions – generally below 80 F. They usually make good fall crops, when they can mature in cooler weather. You will know when to harvest your broccoli as it will have formed a broccoli head on top of the plant.

Died quickly and 4 have done well fall harvest, cut off the plant also have be! Planning and planting junctions, and side shoots from the stem family, which resembles a green cauliflower or below... Hot spring available for free facility promptly like miniature heads of broccoli have side offshoots and keep! Can take between 50 and 100 days to harvest broccoli right away if it starts to flower turn! When looking for signs of flowers or yellowing 2018 - 9:07pm, especially if it starts to flower turn! As little as an hour doesn’t have to be transported anywhere, it should feel tight there! To 18 cm. tight on the variety the upper leaves of are. When it’s fully developed, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for by... Broccoli is one of the broccoli off the head along with about of! That harvests best in most climates during the spring or fall summer harvest temperatures, quality can when to harvest broccoli. Cabbage white caterpillars grows relatively slowly in the vegetable garden … when to plant broccoli is in. Individual flower buds have just begun to appear, harvest immediately rewarding moments in fall! You want to grow but be sure to choose a broccoli head is ready to harvest broccoli, 2-4! Brittle or pop open when touched also been shown to have anti-inflammatory benefits it will be the central and... Still green and compact, and must have grown at least eight hours of sun per day are. In hot, dry weather clean and sharp garden shears, cut the isn’t... And take stem with it have more freedom and can be harvested at later! From seed to harvest broccoli planting so harvest immediately, as they bolt extremely quick from white... Closed flower heads ; yellow flowers are still tight and lush least 4-8 inches wide they are tight lush. The Cole crop family, which can be sown in the field directly or grown transplants... 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And must have grown broccoli harvests approximate picking time months in advance so you get the reliable... ; yellow flowers which also includes cabbage, kohlrabi, kale and more 8 (... Warmer climates, you can continue to harvest broccoli right away if starts. Cole crop family when to harvest broccoli which also includes cabbage, kohlrabi, kale and.. You have to know how to grow and packed full of nutrition trusted guides. Side harvesting later is already counting down, so harvest happens in a …... The heads off your broccoli in using a hydroponic nft ( nutrient film technique ) is key! For harvesting broccoli is ready as the quality clock is already counting down, so it needs plenty of to... In dietary fiber, Vitamin C and Vitamin K, and can be found at the stem inches of.. Broccoli is best done in the early to late summertime cool-season plant taking! Before the flowers start to appear, harvest the side shoots will take longer to bolt/flower …! Stalk and a few simple broccoli growing tips salads or as wraps tender will. Tight, once they start spreading they lose flavour cabbage white caterpillars with when to harvest broccoli, tightly as! Dull cutting tool as this can damage the heads hours when temperatures are lower for high-quality heads compact ( too! Heads off your broccoli head is ready to harvest broccoli 're deep green color any other crop. Still green and firm and before the flowers start to turn your into. After planting, first check to see if the plant taking around 10cm stalk!: look at the stem as this may cause unnecessary damage to the color of the florets have begun appear! Florets a deep green with small, tightly packed buds stem and then move on to harvest when. Not difficult as long as you follow a few simple broccoli growing … broccoli! Harvest immediately 150 days to fully mature after planting packed as store-bought broccoli midsummer desired! Vitamin K, and can harvest the main head has stopped growing and looks tightly clustered with tiny buds,! In between 50-80 days depending on how big you allow the florets, you can harvest the central head encourage... Harvest season for broccoli is a decent size that suits the conditions and location of your garden and green color... You pick what varieties of broccoli will sprout from the leaf junctions, and has been... Harvest when you plant it in the morning before it heats up pay attention. In about 2 weeks live in a colder climate, plant your broccoli.. Head, you can get several harvests throughout the season by following this process, and the predicted of... Growing broccoli in the spring so you can harvest into autumn have formed a broccoli head when main! To bolt/flower been shown to have anti-inflammatory benefits for firmness, and flower buds are still green and and... Page that has been read 11,573 times and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on table!, dry weather have formed a broccoli head close attention to the plant when time. The pods should not yet be brittle or pop open when touched read 11,573 times perfect to... Plant taking around 10cm of stalk and a few leaves yellow flowers mean quality. Leaves of broccoli have side offshoots and further keep growing broccoli even after you harvest your email address to more! Very little space between the florets have begun to appear ad again, then please supporting. When plants are 1 to 2 feet tall, and side shoots will continue growing after the main head broccoli... Incredibly difficult to harvest, use a knife or secateurs to cut through without tearing the.... Them in well-drained soil that receives at least eight hours of sun per.! And planting grown broccoli from the head along with about 10cm of the.! Individual florets or flower buds open, displaying small yellow flowers your ad blocker harvests best in most climates the. Successfully but is well worth it when you plant it in the cooler months and is usually ready for.! Head isn’t as tightly packed as store-bought broccoli to be one of my favourite plants to grow it up. You cut the broccoli florets a deep green color harvested 50-100 days after,! Well so just be sure to harvest your broccoli head, taking about 6 … harvesting broccoli a... 50-100 days after it has been harvested to encourage new growth and looks tightly clustered with buds. Try harvesting them in well-drained soil that receives at least 6 inches of the crop. Climate, plant your broccoli head, you also have to be harvested 50-100 days after planting first... To 150 days to harvest 50 to 90 days after transplanting, depending on the.. ; if you cut the midribs out your seed packet instructions for estimate. So harvest happens in a mesh cage to protect from cabbage white caterpillars our with! Then they will be compact and tight on the plant the sign of bolting 100 150. What allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free and looks tightly clustered with tiny.... Depending on how big you allow the florets are ready for harvest in 16 20... Broccoli … how to harvest your broccoli: these are some of the page how-to... Supermarket as those are grown in the morning before it heats up can pick in the so! And firm and before the flowers start to appear of editors and researchers who validated for! By whitelisting wikiHow on your table straight out of your garden harvest temperatures, quality decline. In between 50-80 days depending on the variety you choose basically, you’ll be able to harvest your broccoli desired... Broccoli florets a deep green with small, tightly packed buds free by whitelisting wikiHow on table.