Cognizant of this, Zimmerman [9] stresses that there is a growing pedagogical need to comprehend how students develop the capability and motivation to regulate their own learning. However, learning strengths are just as important! (3)Liberian students with good level of motivational beliefs are capable of using numerous learning strategies. Students are found to be more extrinsically motivated, even though they value tasks. Accordingly, Pintrich [7] acknowledged that research on student motivation is central to research in learning and teaching settings. DEDICATION ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS TABLE OF CONTENT ABSTRACT LIST OF TABLES LIST OF FIGURES LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study 1.2 Statement of Problem 1.3 Purpose of the Study 1.4 Research Objectives 1.5 Research Questions 1.6 Justification of the Study 1.7 Significance of the Study 1.8 Scope of the Study 1.9 Limitation of the Study 1.9 Delimitation 1.10 Organizati… Teachers must be trained to integrate the essence of motivational beliefs and the need for students to use all kinds of strategies during instructions. It is very interesting that parents’ education means more than their occupation in relation to their children’s academic performance at school. The school administrators and teachers were consulted by FREE Liberia, informing them about the purpose of the study and soliciting their acquiescence to allow their students to participate in the research. Unlike motivations, two strategy use components showed statistically significant differences, female participants getting the higher mean for the effort regulation strategies (mean = 3.40, SD = .74) than their male counterparts (mean = 3.02, SD = .90) = −4.445, (2-tailed) = 0.001, and with male participants getting higher mean on peer learning (mean = 3.79, SD = .95) than their female counterparts (mean = 3.58, SD = .86) (323) = 2.064, (2-tailed) = 0.040. This study is critical because it delves into Liberian students’ motivations and strategies as well as factors hampering their learning. 19 0 obj stream endobj endobj Abolition of fire list in schools is recommended. At this time, they could scrupulously report on factors that impeded their learning. ;djy���~O�L�o �edj������Z���S\銧E�Z�J d )�_�Tx�i$��H�Xϭ���S3 4؏̯�r�B��BE�0�Kw�߱a��Ra�\X�����44��H��A����BF���2!��?��.ߐ����M[��9ӆ+$x�y?f��7OƆC>{e�'���˶�+��9N4��9�C��bD*�nsm������N-AO�'Xc4���º��:��;��8\H��l�xw�!��M�����Tٸ!��ɥ_�g��{��}�s���=��M��WBB��q���ω�~�7�W�G_~�J������8q��]���ؾ�} J*_dy�Q Y�6�G���f��� This is evident through their nonparticipation in some parent-teacher association activities including meetings. Participants were randomly selected with the participation of exclusively grades 8–12, at most 10 students per class. endobj Further, students’ motivational belief components were expected to show relationship with strategy use components as well as gender differences in both constructs. The perceived uncertainty about the future might also be a source of reported worries by participants. This research focuses on how online gaming affects the academic performance … [10] propounded motivation plays a key role in learning; it largely explains academic performance as it is a construct that integrates both thoughts and feelings. Contrary to presumptions, peer pressure (going out with friends) and video clubs/games have less significant effect on students’ learning. (3)Does there exist relationship between students’ motivations and strategy use? One of the fundamental components of an IEP, a present levels of academic achievement and functional performance (PLAAFP) statement summarizes the student’s current levels of functioning. This finding is consistent with the extrinsic motivation of students displayed because they tend to memorize notes to pass exams. As you read the present level of performance examples, remember documents which show your child’s current level of function are worth putting in with the PLOP statement. Academic performance have been defined and explained by several authors. The high and average socio-economic level affects the performance more than the lower … Although the study particularly concentrated on the urban areas of Montserrado and Margibi counties, access is still a challenge as disclosed by participants. Academic Performance: The cognitive ability of students in terms of passing performing well in continuous assessment / terminal examination. Table 1 presents descriptive statistical results on the coefficient alphas, means, and standard deviations of each belief component. Students’ participation was completely voluntary even though they were assured of the highest degree of confidentiality. Both males and females can possess different types of beliefs and strategies for learning. Zimmerman and Martinez-Pons added that students’ belief about their academic efficacy can provide an essential window for understanding individual differences in learning and motivation. Capitalizing on the decline of students’ performance, the study anticipated that Liberian junior and senior high school students would be less self-efficacious and would utilize more rehearsal and organization strategies. In other words, it can be explained that their devotion to learning different subjects is because of their desires for rewards and fear of penalty from teachers and parents, and not based on their inner aspirations. Recreational, school feeding, transportation, continual improvement of schools, and stringent measures against harassment must be assertively supported. The schools were selected in consideration with different characteristics of students enrolled. There are some reasons for poor performance that are specific or related to the students and not related to external factors. Liberian junior and senior high school students possess various motivational beliefs in their quest to acquire education. Many parents are not fully involved in their children’s learning and see it as a responsibility of the school. Beyond single player games. On purpose, majority of the participants (86.7%) were 9, 10, and 11 grade students between ages 13 to 24 years and above in consideration with their reading comprehension to meticulously and objectively respond to research questions, and time left before they complete high school. Furthermore, the research enabled students to identify potential hindrances to their learning in order to derive a way of alleviating the challenges. A sizable number of education stakeholders believes inputs in the sector do not commensurate with student attainment in regional exams. Schools often overlook strengths in favor of disabilities. <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 842.04] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Extrinsic goal orientation got the highest mean (M = 5.81, SD = 1.42) and Test Anxiety (M = 4.21, SD = 1.55) obtained the least mean. endobj Finally, this research projected several factors deeply hampering students’ chances to do well in their academics. Ramses T. Kumbuyah, and Dr. Rosemarie Terez-Santos, and staff of the organization including Coretta Kialen, Joseph Bernard, M. Freeman Dorker, Mulbah Saywala, David Tagbailee, and Faith K. Kialen for their kind support of, dedication to, and commitment in making this initiative a resounding success. The grant provided resources for strengthening the management capacity and accountability in the education sector. This result is inconsistent with a study by Marcou and Philippou [20] who found self-efficacy for learning and performance as the most significant belief for learners. Intrinsic goal orientation and self-efficacy for learning and performance were all positively correlated with organization, critical thinking, time and study environment management, and peer learning and help seeking strategies. The problem statement should also address the relevance of the research: … According to Zimmerman [21], Collins found highly efficacious students to be quickly capable of rejecting faulty strategies, solving more problems, and reworking more previously difficult problems than their less efficacious counterparts. �lEi���bmf8�v��)�r��=X�fV�C�ܕ����a�4 ��+�?��m��q�>��}�%/KVV���oY��:;�d}^���K�wU#�]jz���Nb�FU��Z.u�O�C[��^r)�S^��e7�e�����S�������Gr�9x���vO��������� �َě]ú��H>�z9�}��L��V�[Ŧ�޲����n�'�J �6K���+�ǘ�����b�R\.�s��i0Ϙ�;�9���'�s�5����D0����:��n��qd��9#���ð@s���R��Ҥ B"����$D����M*����X&"jWr��hSK��3�W�J/ �Zr3��9/�aGG=�[�屪lsV.��F��������U+p�+7s�KM��e���� Since gender remains an important phenomenon in Liberia’s education sector, factors affecting students learning were examined in line with gender. Since the advent of social media sites in the 1990s, it is assumed in some quarters that the academic performance of students is facing a lot of neglect and challenges. Besides, parents must limit workloads given to school going age children and provide sufficient time for them to study their lessons. In 2013, no candidate passed in the division one category, and of a total of 27,651 candidates who sat May/June, 2014, senior high school certificate exams only 13,349 or 48.26% pass, respectively [5]. In addition, it can be clearly pointed out that rehearsal strategies were preferred over effort regulation strategies by participants of the study and this was statistically significant. Pupils must be repeatedly reminded to learn for their own good and the good of the society; hence, there is no need for bribery and other academic malpractice to get higher scores. The following are conclusions of this research. Rehearsal strategies have the highest mean (M = 3.84, SD = .85) and affective strategies obtained the lowest mean (M = 3.10, SD = .64). Students preferred rehearsal and organization strategies most, while critical thinking and effort regulation were least preferred strategies. This is supportive of exposition that the presence of motivation prompts the use of different types of strategies by learners [27]. BTI [22] reports that over two-thirds of the population live in extreme poverty, defined as less than $USD 1.25 per day. At junior high level, a total of 30,824 students made a successful pass out of the 49,771 that sat for the exams [6]. Gasco et al. [8] have demonstrated that positive motivational beliefs positively related to higher levels of self-regulated learning. This could have led to making more generalized and conclusive statements about beliefs and strategies in relation to academic performance of Liberian students. <> Results suggest that procrastination has a negative effect on academic performance, whereas adaptive perfectionism has a positive one. The high and average socio-economic level affects the performance more than the lower level. This is because it remains unclear as to whether the differences reached statistical significance. Our Favorite Resources for Writing Personal Statements. The results also pointed out that organization strategies are the second most favored strategies by participants and they have significant mean differences with all other components, except critical thinking strategies (M = 3.69, SD = .61), and organization strategies (M = 3.70, SD = .79), = −0.004, and peer learning strategies (M = 3.68, SD = .91) and organization strategies (M = 3.70, SD = .79), = 0.023. C. Gbollie, E. B. Waydon, and J. Bernard. Academic Performance: Reading: _________performance within content areas is adversely affected when the reading and comprehension level of text read within the general … They must also ensure that students learn to ask for assistance whenever necessary. (4)Being a male or a female does not give any Liberian junior or senior high school student outright advantage. ��� threat to health and academic performance. Although the finding seems puzzling, it obviously conforms to entrenched high rate of poverty among the Liberian populace. <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 842.04] /Contents 24 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 2>> From the literature reviewed, we can generally hypothesize that the types of motivations and strategy use are responsible for the decline in Liberian students’ academic performance, particularly for takers of WAEC exams. %���� This is indicative of the incessant drops in the passing marks of 9th and 12th graders in the regional exams, administered by the West African Examination Council (WAEC) Liberia office [5, 6]. The questionnaire was pretested. students’ overall academic achievement as well as achievement in the subjects of Mathematics and English. Utilizing a cross-sectional quantitative research design, 323 participants took part in the study from 2 counties. 22 0 obj Such thing might be hampering their chances of progressing deeply in their learning pursuits as it is necessary ingredient for academic success. Abolition of fire list in schools is recommended. Coefficient alphas, means, mean differences, and one-way repeated-measures ANOVA pairwise comparison results for learning strategies of participants. performance (academic achievement) plays an important role in producing the best quality graduates who will become great leader and manpower for the country thus responsible for the country’s economic and social development (Ali et.al, 2009). For example, self-efficacy influences how learners feel, think, motivate themselves, and behave [17]. Impact: Effect which is exerted on something by some other agent. stream (9)Finally, despite budgetary constraints, the Liberian government must annually endeavour to augment its education budget to enable the Ministry of Education to transcend from just paying education staff at central and decentralized levels to funding meaningful education programs that stimulate quality teaching and learning in schools. Liberian government through the Ministry of Education and partners must intensify efforts to alleviate various problems confronting students including worries about life challenges (poverty), access, poor learning facilities, and harassment in schools. The Family is an essential factor for a human’s whole-being, everything about a man, his background, attitude, all of his achievements, his honor and dignity , relies on the structure of the family a man lives in with. Additionally, the study solicited Liberian junior and senior high school students self-reports regarding factors hindering their learning to inform policy-making and evidence-based programing. According to Niebuhr (1995) Academic performance of students is typically assessed by the use of teacher’s ratings, tests, and examinations. Coefficient alphas and descriptive statistics for each motivational belief component. This study was intended to explore the motivational beliefs and learning strategy use by Liberian junior and senior high school students in connection with their academic performance. Unexpectedly, harassment as a hindrance to learning did not reach significance level for both genders. Some learning strategy uses include rehearsal, organization, critical thinking, time and study environment management, effort regulation, peer learning, and help seeking [23]. The authors’ sincere thanks and appreciation are due to FREE Liberia’s Board members, especially Dr. Michael P. Slawon, Atty. One of the most fascinating findings of this study reveals worrying about life challenges (poverty) and access to school (distance to and from school) as the most perilous factors confronting Liberian junior and senior high school students’ learning. (5)In spite of efforts being made, students are confronted with serious challenges that might be affecting their academic achievement levels. Motivation can be equated to being a bridge, and strategy use entails walking on the bridge. They were drawn from eight public schools, comprising 182 (56.3%), and 7 private schools with 141 (41.3%) participants from Montserrado and Margibi counties. Channels of social interactions with calls and text messages showing the strongest,... Study found some learning hindrances from anxiety when facing difficult academic tasks make time to support their children ’ academic. On their learning outcomes have serious negative impact on their learning of schools, and completion rates the! 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