A continuing function that uses systematic collection of data on specified indicators to provide management and the main stakeholders of an ongoing development intervention with indications of the extent of progress and achievement of objectives and progress in the use of allocated funds (OECD). Equity in health implies that everyone should have a fair opportunity to attain his or her full health opportunity, and that no one should be disadvantaged from achieving this potential (EURO European Centre for Health Policy, ECHP, Brussels, 1999). Emergency plans are formulated by occupational … A state of equilibrium between humans and the physical, biologic and social environment, compatible with full functional activity ( JM. 2. Ability of the case definition to identify real cases or the proportion of true cases of the disease that meet the case definition. A set of statements or commitments to pursue courses of action aimed at achieving defined goals of public or private institutions (EURO European Centre for Health Policy, ECHP, Brussels, 1999). E    hospitals and clinics, not to be affected by war. The systematic and objective assessment of an on-going or completed project, programme or policy, its design, implementation and results. The coordination and cooperation, in support of the mission, between a military commander and civil actors, including the national population and local authorities, as well as international, national and non-governmental organizations and agencies. 2. 4 Solutions to Eliminate Arc Flash Hazards in the Workplace, 5 Leading Electrical Hazards and How to Avoid Them, 7 Things to Consider Before Entering a Confined Space, Lockout/Tagout Procedures for Chemical Plants, Is Your Contractor Management System Automated? Fraction of all deaths due to a specific cause (ODI/HPN paper 52, 2005, Checchi and Roberts). O    System of procedures, checks, audits and corrective actions to ensure that all testing, sampling, analysis, monitoring and other technical and reporting activities are of the highest achievable quality. Mid-period population/Mid-point population. Ability of the surveillance system to detect outbreaks. Mortality rate that takes into account the age structure of the population to which it refers. The WHO declared the coronavirus outbreak a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC). Cumulative time spent by each individual at risk in the population. Often abbreviated to CMR (ODI/HPN paper 52, 2005, Checchi and Roberts). Both “natural” disasters (e.g. 4. Sampling design whereby an individual sampling frame of households is established, and households to be sampled are selected using random numbers (ODI/HPN paper 52, 2005, Checchi and Roberts). Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar declared a public health emergency back on January 31. M    second closest). The risks and potential for disasters associated with natural hazards are largely shaped by prevailing levels of vulnerability and measures taken to prevent, mitigate and prepare for disasters. Survey that is not based on a randomly selected, representative sample, but rather on data from households/individuals that can easily be reached or observed (e.g. A conceptual and strategic framework that spells out goals and objectives, priority themes and key strategies to be addressed by relevant operatives at all levels. confirmed alerts (after verification)/all alerts detected. The state of health of a person or population assessed with reference to morbidity, impairments, anthropological measurements, mortality, and indicators of functional status and quality of life (EURO European Centre for Health Policy, ECHP, Brussels, 1999). Most likely value for the parameter of interest (e.g. It provides information on the existing situation, forms the basis for the development of the plan of action, and provides baseline data against which prospective changes in the surveillance system are progressively assessed or measured. K    Synonym Discussion of emergency. 1. The number of children under five years of age dying per 1000 live births in a given year (ODI/HPN paper 52, 2005, Checchi and Roberts). The process of establishing programme objectives, approaches and procedures to respond to situations or events that are likely to occur, including identifying those events and developing likely scenarios and appropriate plans to prepare and respond to them in an effective manner (Inter-Agency Contingency Planning Guidelines for Humanitarian Assistance 2001). It can be used to compare similar or alternative strategies and activities to determine the relative degree to which they will obtain the desired objectives or outcomes. Humane, benevolent, beneficent, kind, good, considerate, compassionate, sympathetic, understanding, merciful, lenient, gentle, generous, magnanimous, public-spirited, unselfish, Philanthropic, altruistic, charitable, welfare, N.Philantropist, altruist, benefactor, do-gooder, Good Samaritan, social reformer (Penguin Concise Thesaurus). (Loretti, 2005). A national emergency often affects access to health care services and the health care system’s ability to respond to the public’s health needs. Learn more. 1. A communicable disease surveillance and response system designed to detect as early as possible any departure from the usual or normally-observed frequency or phenomenon. A "state of emergency" demands to "be declared" or imposed by somebody in authority, who, at a certain moment, will also lift it. Scenario-building is process of developing hypothetical scenarios in the context of a contingency planning exercise (Inter-Agency Contingency Planning Guidelines for Humanitarian Assistance 2001). J    Something that serves as a basis for comparison (JM Last, 2001). One DALY can be thought of as one lost year of ‘healthy’ life and the burden of disease as a measurement of the gap between current health status and an ideal situation where everyone lives into old age free of disease and disability (WHO). Normally, these are operations of short duration. 2. The dictionary definition of an impact is an "effect of influence" and of assessment is the "estimation of size, quality, value" (EURO European Centre for Health Policy, ECHP, Brussels, 1999). 1. ARC Document Solutions, a company that provides technology and document tools for every stage of the facility life cycle, has shared insights into “7 Critical Ways to Prepare for Healthcare Facilities Emergencies”.The company’s white paper on this topic focuses on the role of facility management in emergency preparedness. Stamford, CT: Appleton and Lange, 1997). Thus, it is usually defined in time and space, it requires threshold values to be recognized, and it implies rules of engagement and an exit strategy. That declaration started the process of … 3. A benchmark refers to the performance that has been achieved in the recent past by other comparable organizations, or what can be reasonably inferred to have been achieved in the circumstances (OECD). C    P    Systematic error during data collection which results in a distortion of the findings (in mortality studies, an over- or under-estimation of mortality) (ODI/HPN paper 52, 2005, Checchi and Roberts). Conducted jointly with the partner or other donors. It is a managerial term, demanding decision and follow-up in terms of extra-ordinary measures (Oxford Pocket Dictionary, 1992). Key events or markers that show progress in implementation of activities and the related achievements. The plan should address ways to prevent injury and loss of life. achieve 90% of timeliness of reporting, 100% completeness of reporting, etc. 2. Proportion of surveillance reports (or forms) received irrespective of when the reports were submitted. List of households, or sub-sections of the study area/population, used to allocate clusters or select households to be sampled (ODI/HPN paper 52, 2005, Checchi and Roberts). sudden conflict situations arising from varied political factors), for which there is little or no warning (WFP). Time of danger or greater difficulty, decisive turning point (Oxford Pocket Dictionary, 1992). Often abbreviated to U5MR (ODI/HPN paper 52, 2005, Checchi and Roberts). G    emergency definition: 1. something dangerous or serious, such as an accident, that happens suddenly or unexpectedly and…. People who are adversely affected by a crisis or a disaster and who are in need of urgent humanitarian assistance. conflict, natural phenomena (Inter-Agency Contingency Planning Guidelines for Humanitarian Assistance 2001). Also observed that in practice, coordination is effective when structures are agreed first, reinforced by dynamic leadership (Marc Somers; EFCT course material on the mechanics of coordination, 2000). When a set of criteria is standardized for purposes of identifying a particular disease, then it is referred to as "standard case definition". Changes in current of future health status of individuals or communities that can be attributed to antecedent actions or measures (EURO European Centre for Health Policy, ECHP, Brussels, 1999). Natural Hazards comprise phenomena such as earthquakes; volcanic activity; landslides; tsunamis; tropical cyclones and other severe storms; tornadoes and high winds; river floods and coastal flooding; wildfires and associated haze; drought; sand/dust storm; infestations. Ability of the surveillance system to detect cases, i.e. The decision on who to appoint as Humanitarian Coordinator is made by the IASC. (OECD). Among the nearly 140 national emergency powers Congress has delegated to the president, some are particularly dramatic. The immediate result of implementing surveillance and response activities. Number of women dying of pregnancy-related causes out of 100000 live births in a given year (ODI/HPN paper 52, 2005, Checchi and Roberts). A surveillance case definition is one that is standardized and used to obtain an accurate detection of all cases of the targeted disease or condition in a given population, while excluding the detection of other similar conditions. The term refers to the steps you take to make sure you are safe before, during and after an emergency or natural disaster. The term is generally used to differentiate humanitarian needs arising from conflict and instability from those that arise from natural disasters (ALNAP). How to use emergency in a sentence. Safety Talks #16 - Mask Safety: Vetting Your Distributors and Suppliers! • A project is usually more narrowly defined, although in terms of resources used it may be larger or smaller than a programme (for example, the building of an oil refinery, or a small training course might both be defined as projects). What is the difference between occupational health and occupational safety? The World Health Organisation (WHO) has declared the Wuhan coronavirus outbreak a global emergency. Ability of the system to accurately describe the occurrence of a health-related event by place and person over time in a given population. A range that expresses the level of approximation, or imprecision, around the point estimate. 1. Used in the formal expression of mortality rates, and necessary when comparing mortality rates in periods that are different in length for each individual in the population (e.g. Knowledge is something that all organisations possess and use to varying degrees. To be ready or available to act (dictionary). All types of aid (project and non-project) to one country. 's provincial health officer has declared a public health emergency in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. 1. Pre-disaster activities, including an overall strategy, policies, and institutional and management structures, that are geared to helping at-risk communities safeguard their lives and assets by being alert to hazards and taking appropriate action in the face of an imminent threat or the actual onset of a disaster (OCHA-WFP). 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A public health emergency (the condition that requires the governor to declare a state of public health emergency) is defined as "an occurrence or imminent threat of an illness or health condition, caused by bio terrorism, epidemic or pandemic disease, or (a) novel and highly fatal infectious agent or biological toxin, that poses a substantial risk of a significant number of human facilities or incidents or permanent or long-term disability (WHO/DCD, 2001). Usually results in an under-estimation of mortality (ODI/HPN paper 52, 2005, Checchi and Roberts). cholera) or phenomenon (e.g. (Inter-Agency Contingency Planning Guidelines for Humanitarian Assistance 2001). 1. Equivalent to mortality rate (some authors prefer the former) (ODI/HPN paper 52, 2005, Checchi and Roberts). 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Emergency Powers Under the National Emergencies Act . In emergencies, usually expressed as deaths per 10000 persons per day; alternatively, as deaths per 1000 persons per month or per year (ODI/HPN paper 52, 2005, Checchi and Roberts). 1. the ratio of the total number of health events detected by the system to the total number of true health events as determined by an independent and more complete means of ascertainment (WHO Protocol for the assessment of national communicable disease surveillance and response systems: Guidelines for the assessment teams). Actions performed to produce specific outputs using a given set of resources. Used to compare mortality in populations with very different age structures (ODI/HPN paper 52, 2005, Checchi and Roberts). means a child's behavioral, emotional, or psychiatric situation that causes an immediate need for mental health services and is consistent with section62Q.55. Study of past mortality in a population using a standardized questionnaire that is administered to the entire population or, more commonly, to a randomly selected sample (ODI/HPN paper 52, 2005, Checchi and Roberts). Term coined in the 1980s by the Pan American Health Organization. The virus has now spread to … A reflection of the willingness of surveillance staff to implement the system, and the end users of the data to accept and use the data generated by the system. An evaluation of the probability of occurrence and the magnitude of the consequences of any given hazard, i.e. It implies the interaction of an external stressor with a human community and it carries the implicit concept of non-manageability. Number of clusters/households/individuals that a survey sets out to include, i.e. Read more at straitstimes.com. A term describing an event that can be defined spatially and geographically, but that demands observation to produce evidence. The preferred strategy or action is one that has the least cost to produce a given level of effectiveness, or provides the greatest effectiveness for a given level of cost. Mathematical process by which mortality-rate findings are applied to the entire population that the study is representative of, so as to obtain total numbers of deaths or percentages of the population that died over the recall period investigated (ODI/HPN paper 52, 2005, Checchi and Roberts). What Does Emergency Use of a COVID-19 Vaccine Mean? 2. Complex political emergency: A situation with complex social, political and economic origins which involves the breakdown of state structures, the disputed legitimacy of host authorities, the abuse of human rights and possibly armed conflict, that creates humanitarian needs. A possible threat of source of exposure to injury, harm or loss, e.g. Damage to structures, equipment and materials should be kept to a minimum and the environment and community at large should not be put at risk. Emergency preparedness is progressive, continuously building increased resilience among the public and relevant agencies. Health is a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living; it is a positive concept, emphasizing social and personal resources as well as physical capabilities (Health Promotion: A Discussion Document, Copenhagen: WHO 1984). Health emergency highlights Subscribe to the Health Emergency Highlights Each issue of the Health Emergency Highlights contains information on the current humanitarian context, the health priorities and response operations in the three to four focus countries for that month. Join thousands receiving the latest content and insights on health and safety industry. NOW THEREFORE, the State Health Commissioner hereby declares that a public health emergency resulting from opioid addiction exists in the Commonwealth, affecting the health and safety of Virginians. Sensitivity of the detection of outbreaks. Study of a situation which may require improvement. Organisational forgetting includes both purposeful unlearning of dominant logics as well as accidental loss of useful knowledge (P. DeHolan and N. Phillips, Organisational Forgetting, 2001). The number of cases indicating the presence of an epidemic varies according to the agent, size, and type of population exposed, previous experience or lack of exposure to the disease, and time and place of occurrence. The critical number of cases (or indicator, proportion, rate, etc.) In this article we discuss the colour codes as they apply in Australia. The DALY combines in one measure the time lived with disability and the time lost due to premature mortality. 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